Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum)

Tobacco (Nicotiana Tabacum)

- in Commodity, Flora
175

F-52-1-TEMBAKAUITS–The tobacco plant is popularly known as a commodity plant. It is native to the South America. Almost every adult in the world knows the product of this herb, in the form of cigarettes and cigars. In some parts of the world tobacco leaves are also chewed. The herbs live annually and grow only once in a season. The botanical name for this plant is Nicotianatabacum, and it belongs to the Solanaceae family.

The tobacco plant can reach a height of 0.7 to 2 meters. This plant is easily grown in tropical countries. The leaves are large, oval in shape, and measure 60-70 centimeters long. The young leaf is light or dark-green with a long petiole. The leaf of the tobacco plant contains nicotine and nicotelina substances. The flower is formed like a tube and the petal is red or orange. The seeds are small and plentiful.

This plant is very common in Indonesia. People call this plant “tembakau.” Intensive and extensive plantations for tobacco were built long ago in the Deli region, North Sumatra. In East Java the Basuki tobacco is very famous among the people there.

The export of this plant contributes greatly to the economy of Indonesia as well as to some individuals who cultivate the herb. Today, some cultivated varieties can be found in Indonesia: Deli tobacco, Basuki tobacco, Virginia tobacco, and so on.

People traditionally use the leaves of this plant for smoking purpose, but they can also be used as an insecticide, a disinfectant, and as a medicine for curing wounds.

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