The people of Surabaya did not want the Dutch to recolonize after Indonesia proclaimed its independence. They suspected that the British people wanted to help the Dutch restore their power. Thus, they fought against them, which led to the killing of a British senior officer, Brig. Gen. Mallaby. The British took revenge and attacked the town from land, sea, and air. Many were killed on both sides during the day, which was later commemorated by Indonesians as National Hero’s Day.
The monument was built in front of the East Java governor’s office based on a design made by President Sukarno.
It stands 45 meters high and has 17 grooves which stretch from top to bottom.
To meet the dateline set by the president, the workers did their job rather recklessly during the final phase so that the ten meters of the upper part of the monument look slightly bent. The workers thought the monument would not survive for long, but it survives to this day.