Sugarcane (Saccarum Officinarum)

Sugarcane (Saccarum Officinarum)

- in Commodity, Flora

ITS–F-56-15-TEBUThe extracted water from this plant’s stalk tastes sweet andpeople can make sugar from its essence. Sugarcane’s scientific name is Saccarum officinarum, and it belongs to the Gramineae family. It originated in the Pacific Islands. The plant can grow 130 to 250 cm high. It has a sword-shaped leaf, and the edge of the leaf is spiny. The stem has color varieties: white, brown, brownish-red, or black.

Sugarcane today is an export plant that has been widely cultivated in many countries throughout the world, especially in tropical regions. In Indonesia this important plant has been cultivated intensively and extensively for a long time. Sugarcane plantations lay in many regions of Indonesia. One of the most popular varieties is called “madu kismo” in East Java. Sugar for local consumption in the country can be obtained from this factory.

The Indonesian name for sugarcane is “tebu” and means “sweet” in a certain tribal language. Besides the intensive cultivation on the large farms, people grow this plant in their own gardens around their houses. In some regions of Indonesia the stems of sugarcane are used for rituals. Some people believe that the sweet taste of sugarcane symbolizes their hope for a better “sweet” life.

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