Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus Tiliaceus)

Sea Hibiscus (Hibiscus Tiliaceus)

- in Flower, Flora

waruITS–The Sea Hibiscus commonly grows along the coastal regions of tropical countries. Some claim that this tree is an endemic plant to the Malay Archipelago. The Sea Hibiscus’ botanical name is Hibiscus tiliaceus (L.), and it belongs to the Malvaceae family. The tree can reach a height of 5-15 m, and we can generally find it growing wild along the coastal areas and rocky hills close to the beach. But sometimes the trees also grow far away from coastal regions. The people of Indonesia call this tree “waru.”

There is a single type of leaf, and the blades have long petioles 4-12 cm long. The flowers are yellow and usually flourish at morning and noon. The sea hibiscus blooms throughoutthe year. One flower produces one fruit. The fruit can reach a length of 2.5-3 cm and contains seeds covered with tiny short hairs.

The sea hibiscus todayis commonly used as an ornamental tree along roads and as a source of the timber. Traditionally, the roots and leaves of the sea hibiscus are reported to have medical powers to treat coughs and constipation.

The wide leaves of the sea hibiscus are widely used for covering foods, especially fish in the market. The fibers from the bark are commonly spun by the fisherman to make fishing nets.

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