Salaca (SalaccaEdulis)

Salaca (SalaccaEdulis)

- in Fruit, Flora

F-57_2-SALACAITS–Salaccaedulis, called salak in the Indonesian language, is said to have originated on the island of Java. During the Dutch colonial rule, its stones were distributed by traders to the whole archipelago as far as the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand.

Its fruit is covered with a scaly skin, which is colored yellowish-brown or dark-brown. Its meat tastes sour and nice, and is colored a yellowish-white, yellowish-brown or red, depending on the variety. A fruit has from one to three stones, which are colored from light brown or darkbrown, by means of which it reproduces. The fruits grow in bunches.

Only the female trees can produce fruit. Male trees have stamens but no ovaries, while the female has ovaries but no stamens. The female’s flowers will produce fruit after beingpollinated with the male’s pollen. A bunch of female flowers possess up to 60 fruits. The female’s flower opens for three days, and the best pollination takes place two days after blossoming.

Indonesia is home to numerous kinds of salak, each of them has its own specialty. To name them: Ambarawa, Pondoh, Bali, Banjarne­gara, Bongkok, Condet, Padang Sidempuan, Manonjaya, Si Nase, Kerbausalak.

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