ITS–The history of post development in Indonesia is much connected with the history of colonialism, the struggle of freedom and the modernization during the liberation. There were some events that became the pillar of the Indonesian post development namely: the coming of Cornelius de Houtman to Indonesia as the bearer of the Dutch Government’s letters for the authority of Banten in 1596; the opening of the first post office in Jakarta on August 26th, 1746; the Building of great post line 1000 km from Anyer (West Java) to Panarukan (East Java), along with the building of some post offices by Governor General Daendels (France) in 1806.
In 1811, Governor General D.S. Raffless (British) reformed the post system, by establishing that the sender had to pay first the cost of the letters and things he wanted to be sent before they would be delivered by horse. The stamp has been the official delivery payment since April 1st, 1864. The stamp was without perforation and valued at 10 cents with the picture of King William III on it. Modernization and the starting of airmail began in 1924 from Amsterdam to Batavia and vice versa. During the Japanese colonialism (1942-1945) all the organization and the post system was liquidated. The Japanese divided Indonesia into three post divisions namely; the Sumatra Division centered in Bukit Tinggi, the Java Division centered in Batavia (Jakarta); and the Celebes division centered in Makassar.
The Independent Era
Indonesian independency was proclaimed on August 17, 1945 and was then followed by the liquidation of all colonial assets. On September 27th, 1945 a group of young Post, Telegraph, and Telephone (PTT) employees, led by Suharto took over the central building of PTT in Bandung. At that time all the post-offices throughout Indonesia were liquidated by the government of Indonesia, and Suharto was asked to head the management of the PTT. In 1965, PTT Bureau divided into 2 companies, namely Post and Giro Government Company and Telecommunications Government Company.
Post and Giro Government Company handled the sending of letters and things, and also servedthe monetary enterprise, such as the payment of TV taxes and the sending of money through the post money delivery. And in 1995 PerumPos (Post General Company) was changed to be PT Pos Indonesia (Indonesian Post Limited Company).
The status alteration of Indonesian Post in 1995, made this institution more flexible in its activities. At this time there was a total sum of 26,984 workers and 4,833 post-offices, 3,857 units of moving post services, and 16,170 units of another kind of post services. PT Pos Indonesia runs various kinds of rentable services such as the payment of fresh water, telephones, credit cards, the sending of electronic mail and internet through Wasantara.net, ATM post services, and the opening of bank accounts. In September 17, 2001 PT Pos Indonesia built a technical college that focuses on information technology, accounting, and marketing.
PT Pos Indonesia is one institution that stood through the critical economic crisis (still gained a profit of 50 billion rupiah in the year 2000). The vast network spread throughout Indonesia makes many commercial, banks, and the government interested in cooperating with PT Pos Indonesia.