ITS–The extract of Oil Palm is well known as an export commodity in Indonesia. Its scientific name is Elaeis guineensis, and it belongs to the Arecaceae family. This plant originated in Cape Guinea in West Africa. Today the Oil Palm grows in many tropical countries.
Oil Palm trees can reach a height of 4 to 15 meters, with 15 to 30 leaves in a cluster. The flowers are brown, and the seeds are round or oval, and are found in large clusters. The fruits are about 4 cm long and called stone fruit. The trees produce seeds after the trees are5 years of age. The palm may produce oil for up to 80 years. The oil palm can be cultivated through the seeds, but today people use tissue-culture technology for cultivating this plant.
The oil palm industry presses the seeds and collects palm oil. The extracted oilis used for making cooking oil, wax, cosmetics, and other materials that use oil as a basic element.
In Indonesia, the growth of the Oil Palm is familiar to the farmers. The people call the Oil Palm tree “kelapa sawit”. The biggest Indonesian Oil Palm plantation and factory is in Sumatra Island. Many large farms lay there. This plant also has been extensively cultivated in other more remote areas of Indonesia.