Mushrooms

Mushrooms

- in Forestry, Flora
447

ITS–Mushrooms are the fleshy fruit body of certain fungi, but some restrict the term mushroom to the common field mushroom. All mushroom are fungi. Not all fungi, however, are mushrooms in the popular meaning of the term since the fungi with their estimated one hundred species include all the mildews and molds. The higher fungi which include mushrooms, are divided into two great groups, the Basidiomycetes, in which spores or minute reproductive bodies are produced externally on stalks, and the Ascomycetes, in which the spores are produced in sacs from which they are discharged at maturity as if shot out of a gun.

 

Termitomyces Eurrhizus

jamur-8This mushroom grows in termiteholes or nestsunderground. Therefore, it needs a long, singleroot. This mushroom is famously called the “West Mushroom” in Sumatra, “Supa Bulan”, and “Supa Sangal” in the land of Pasundan, in the province of West Java.

 

 

 

Aseroe Rubra

jamur-6The shape and the structure of this mushroom is like that of a flower or a certain types of coral. The mushroom is rare although it is spread out throughout tropical areas. The people who have seen it would be difficult to forget the special experiences. Mycologists agree that it is part of the family of Mutinus bambusinus, but also part of a different group, claharaceae.

 

 

 

Calostoma Orirubra

jamur-7This mushroom grows in the forest moss. Its shape is round and small and it spouts extravagant beauty. As a result of its appearance, some scientists refer to this this mushroom as, the red lip of the beautiful mouth.

 

 

 

 

Mutinus Bambusinus

jamur-2This mushroom is shaped like a colorful horn. It grows between bamboo groups in the rainy areas. This mushroom spouts aromas that attract insects, which then spread the spores. It comes from Dictyophora indusiata family and grouped into phallaceae.

 

 

 

Ascosparassis Heinricherii

jamur-1This bright colored mushroom grows in the mossy land. By the shape, it is part of the Basidiomycetes family but by the anatomy, it comes from the Ascomycetes.

It is near extinction and just found in two places, Cibodas, West Java and South Japan.

 

 

 

Boedijnopeziza Insititia

jamur-9This mushroom grows in mossy and moldywoods. It is extremely beautiful, and helps make the tropical forests in which it lives just a little bit more beautiful. Its scientific name is created to honor Prof. Dr. K. B. Boedijn, an expert on tropical mushrooms, and the writer of botanical books that are used by students.

 

 

 

MycenaSp

jamur-3This mushroom comes from agaricales family. It grows in mossy land and spouts light like firefly in the base of the forest at night. Its existence is a perfect example of the miracles of the tropical forests. It cannot be seen at noon, just at night.

 

 

 

Microporus Xanthopus

jamur-5This mushroom grows in groups in moldy woods. Its shape is like funnel that is supported by yellow feet. The upper side is a yellowish brown and the lower side is a pinkish white and spotted by thousands holes of spores.

The member of Polyporales family is the first type ofmushroom used to find the variation of the systems inside the fruit of the Basidiomycetes.

 

 

Gloeophyllum Imponens

jamur-4This mushroom grows in the dead woods. It has an important role in making the woods moldy and loosening the vegetative elements. It helps speed up the life cycle of the forest through its accomplishments in decomposition.

This mushroom is in the Microphorus xanthopus family and classified as part of the Daedalea group.

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