Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana)

Mangosteen (Garcinia Mangostana)

- in Fruit, Flora

F-64-1-MANGGISITS–The Mangosteen is atropicalfruit tree that isnative to the Malay Peninsula. The Mangosteen’s botanical name is Garciniamango­stana (L.), and it belongs to the Guttiferae family. The plant is tall; it grows to a height of 5 to 25 meters high.

The leaves are green and stiff, single inform, and the blades are oblong or elliptically formed. The flower is yellow-green with reddish edges. The fruit is round with a black or dark purple color and contains1 to 7 seeds. People commonly eat the fresh fruit because it tastes sweet.

In Indonesia this plant can be found throughout the country. The Indonesian name for this fruit is “manggis” or “manggu”. The Mangosteen tree produces fruit between 8 and 17 years of age. The plant can be cultivated by seed or cloning. In Indonesian traditional markets, Mangosteens are often sold in clusters that consist of 15 to 25 fruits. The Mangosteen also can be found in Malaysia, Thailand, India, and even Central America.

People traditionally use the bark and young leaves as a medicine to heal diarrhea. The skin of the fruit also can be used as natural black dye. The wood from a Mangosteen tree is hard andused as furniture material.

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