Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas)

Green Turtle (Chelonia Mydas)

- in Underwater, Fauna

ITS–Hlm-384-GREEN-TURTLE(udah)There are seven turtle species remaining in the world, four of which are found in Indonesia. The four species are the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas), the Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), the Leatherback Turtle (Darmochelys caoriacea) and the Grey Olive Longgerhead turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea). Called Penyu Hijau in Indonesian, the Green Turtle is found in Indonesia around Java, West Papua, Kalimantan, and Belitung.

The turtle actually looks brown. It is called “green” because of its green colour fat. The turtle can grow to one meter in length and may weigh about 100 kilograms. It hatches hundreds of eggs at one time, but the survival rate of the hatchlings is extremely low. Aside from predators, several other causes that prevent it from surviving are collisions with coral reefs and sunlight.

The turtle is hunted for its eggs, meat, and shell. From its meat, people make turtle soup which is a favourite in many parts of the world. In the southern part of Bali, turtle meat has long been used in the preparation of religious offerings. All sea turtles are protected by Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) so killing them is now illegal.

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