ITS–The bicycle has long been the most popular transportation device. The Indonesian people called the two-wheeled vehicle “wind cart” because of its velocity compared to other primitive vehicles, which were often tugged by horses or bulls. Many people now ride advanced bicycles, enabling them to move very fast. The trend in the past five years has moved cycling fans from highways to hilly mountains.
Indonesia hosts some international road cycling tours; such as the annual Tour de Indonesia, Tour de Singkarak and Tour de East Java. Inspired by European Tour de France, these tours are some of the most esteemed cycling events in Southeast Asia and have attracted local as well as foreign cycling teams. Tour de Indonesia usually starts in Jakarta, across inland Java all the way eastward to Bali, while Tour de Singkarak is held in West Sumatra touring around Lake Singkarak. In track cycling numbers, Indonesia is also one of the strongest in the region and often wins gold medals in the Southeast Asia Games. Indonesia has world class velodromes in Rawamangun, Jakarta; and Kutai Kartanegara, East Kalimantan, hailed as one of the best velodromes in Southeast Asia.
For non-athlete Indonesians, riding bicycle is considered as the mode of transportation as well as a recreational and leisure sport. It is quite popular in Indonesia, especially during Car-Free Days in several cities. During weekends, especially around Saturday and Sunday morning, cyclist flock two of Jakarta’s main avenues, Jalan Thamrin and Jalan Sudirman, which are closed to cars. Instead, municipal authorities invited locals to have their sports and activities on the street. The Bike-to-Work community was established in Indonesia in 2005 to promote cycling as a cheap, healthy, and environment friendly mode of transportation to the workplace.