Coffee (Coffea Canephora)

Coffee (Coffea Canephora)

- in Commodity, Flora

F-51-1-KOPIITS–There is no plant as well known to people as the coffee plant. The tribes of Ethiopia first used the seeds of this plant to make medicine and food before they developed it as a beverage. This plant is native to Africa. The scientific name for coffee is Coffea canephora and it belongs to the Rubiaceae family. This shrub grows 3 to 4 meters high and has little white flower. The ripe fruit is red and contains two seeds. Some animals feed on this fruit because it tastes sweet. A local coffee, with the name “kopi luwak” is very famous in Indonesia. The seeds of this coffee derive from the feces of the civet cat that eats the coffee fruit. The coffee plant can be cultivated by seed or cloning.

The coffee plant is now indigenous to every region of Indonesia.This plant was brought to Indonesia by the Dutch during the 17th century. The local people call this plant “kopi.” People traditionally make a drink from the coffee seeds in asimple way. The ripe coffee fruits are picked from the plants, and then the coffee seeds are dried in the sun. Then the dry seeds are fried without any oil. In the last step, the seeds can be pressed or put into a coffee mill for making it ready to use. Today, modern coffee industries have been built in many tropical countries, including Indonesia.

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