Black Orchid (Coelogyne Pandurata)

Black Orchid (Coelogyne Pandurata)

- in Flower, Flora
251

F-6-1-COLOGYNE-PANDURATITS–The Black Orchid is admired by florists and people who know much about orchids. It grows wild in the rain forest of the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, and Sumatra. The black orchid’s botanical name is Coelogyne pandurata, and it belongs to the orchid family, Orchidaceae. Indonesian people call this orchid “anggrek hitam.”

This epiphytic orchid is green with thick bulbs. The bulbs are flat and about 12 cm long. From one bulb emerge two sheets of leaves. The leaves are green, elliptical in shape, and can reach a length of 40-50 cm and a diameter of 10 cm. The stalk of the flower grows 40-50 cm long and contains between 5 and 15 flowers. The flowers are shiny green with black lips and measure 7-12 cm long. The sepals and petals are green and elliptical.The lip is cracked and divided into three sheets.Each sheet is black and shaped like a violin withyellow edges. This orchid is also quite fragrant. The flowers bloom for only four days. The fruits are elliptical and contain many tiny seeds.

This ornamental orchid can be cultivated by seeding and separating the sample from the clump. Naturally, the plant commonly grows wild at low altitudes, in shady places, hanging on the tree trunks.

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