ITS–Banteng (Bos javanicus) is distributed throughout South East Asia. In Indonesia, the wild bovine animals live in Java, Borneo and Bali. In Bali, they have long been domesticated. Outside Indonesia, the animals are found in Thailand, Indochina, Myanmar and Malaysia.
It stands as tall as 170 centimetres and weighs around 800 kilograms on average. White patches cover its bottom and feet so that it looks like it is wearing white socks. Bulls are dark brown and cows a deep honey colour. It has curved horns, which measure around 60 centimetres in bulls and 30 centimetres in cows.
They usually live in groups of 10 to 30 animals, but most bulls prefer living solitary lives, except for during the mating season. They are largely nocturnal, feeding early in the morning and digest their food while relaxing during the day in woods.
They prefer living in thin woods and clearings where grass and bamboo shoots are abound. During rainy seasons, they ascend to hills for bamboo shoots. During the dry season, they return to valleys for grass.
There are still a large number of them living in Borneo and in other South East Asian countries, but their population in Java has sharply dwindled because of the extension of agricultural land.
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Mammalia
Order : Artiodactyla
Family : Bovidae
Genus : Bos
Species : B. javanicus