ITS–The Asia-Africa Conference was held on the 18-24 of April 1955 at Gedung Merdeka in Bandung, Indonesia. The meeting occurred due to the initiative of the leaders of Burma (Myanmar), India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Sri Lank. It brought together an additional twenty-four leaders from Asia, Africa and the Middle East too. The core principles of the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference were political self determination, mutual respect for sovereignty, non-aggression, non interference in internal affairs and equality. These issues were of central importance to all participants at the conference most of which had recently emerged from colonial rule.
The Asia-Africa Conference agreed on acommuniqué that included a range of concrete objectives. These goals included the promotion of economic and cultural cooperation, protection of human rights and the principle of self determination. They also called for an end to racial discrimination wherever it occurred and a reiteration of the importance of peaceful coexistence. The leaders also called on the potential for collaboration among the nations of the third world, promoting efforts to reduce their reliance on Europe and North America.
The Asia-Africa Conference laid the foundation for the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) where leaders of developing countries committed to avoid being forced to take sides in the Cold Wa. The initial motivation for the movement was the promotion of peace.
In 2005 Indonesia hosted that Asia-Africa Summit including a commemorative Asia-Africa conference in Bandung. Asian and African countries renewed their longstanding solidarity at the Summit which yielded, inter-alia, the Declaration on the New Asian African Strategic Partnership (NAASP), the Joint Ministerial Statement on the New Asian African Strategic Partnership Plan of Action and the Joint Asian African Leaders’ Statement on Tsunami, Earthquake and other Natural Disasters.